On Conceptual Structures
The International Conferences on Conceptual Structures (ICCS) have been held
annually in Europe, Australia, and North America since 1993. Their focus is
on the formal analysis and representation of conceptual knowledge with
applications to artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, and
related areas of computer science.
The ICCS conferences evolved from a series of seven annual workshops on
conceptual graphs, starting with an informal gathering hosted by John Sowa in
1986. For the seventh CG workshop in 1992, the informal workshop notes were
upgraded to reviewed and edited proceedings published in the Springer-Verlag
series of Lecture notes in Artificial Intelligence.
In 1993, Bernard Moulin and Guy Mineau upgraded the workshops to more
formally organized conferences. The program committee also decided to broaden
the scope to include related methods of knowledge representation and their
applications to artificial intelligence and natural language semantics.
During the 1990s, the CG core group was joined by a group doing research on
formal concept analysis, based on the work of Rudolf Wille, Bernhard Ganter,
and their colleagues. With a variety of invited talks and contributed papers,
the ICCS organizers have included related logic-based approaches, such as
description logics, situation theory, discourse representation theory, and
Heather D. Pfeiffer, Dmitry I. Ignatov, Jonas Poelmans and Nagarjuna G., eds. (2013)
Conceptual Structures for Knowledge Representation for STEM Research and Education,
Lecture Notes in AI 7735,
Peter Ekland and Ollivier Haemmerlé, eds. (2008)
Conceptual Structures: Knowledge Visualization and Reasoning, Lecture Notes in AI 5113,
Uta Priss, Simon Polovina and Richard Hill, eds. (2007)
Conceptual Structures: Knowledge Architectures for Smart Applications, Lecture Notes in AI 4604,
Henrik Scharfe, Pascal Hitzler and Peter Øhrstrøm, eds. (2006)
Conceptual Structures: Inspiration and Application, Lecture Notes in AI 4068,
Frithjof Dau, Marie-Laure Mugnier and Gerd Stumme, eds. (2005)
Conceptual Structures: Common Semantics for Sharing Knowledge, Lecture Notes in AI 3596,
Karl Erich Wolff, Heather D. Pfeiffer and Harry S. Delugach, eds. (2004)
Conceptual Structures At Work, Lecture Notes in AI 3127,
Aldo deMoor, Wilfried Lex and Bernhard Ganter, eds. (2003) Conceptual Structures for
Knowledge Creation and Communication, Lecture Notes in AI 2746,
Uta Priss, Dan Corbett and Galia Angelova, eds. (2002) Conceptual Structures:
Integration and Interfaces, Lecture Notes in AI 2393,
Harry S. Delugach and Gerd Stumme, eds. (2001) Conceptual Structures:
Broadening the Base, Lecture Notes in AI 2120,
Bernhard Ganter and Guy W. Mineau, eds. (2000) Conceptual Structures:
Logical, Linguistic, and Computational Issues, Lecture Notes in AI 1867,
William Tepfenhart and Walling Cyre, eds. (1999) Conceptual Structures:
Standards and Practices, Lecture Notes in AI 1640, Springer-Verlag,
Marie-Laure Mugnier and Michel Chein, eds. (1998) Conceptual
Structures: Theory, Tools, and Applications, Lecture Notes in AI 1453,
Dickson Lukose, Harry Delugach, Mary Keeler, Leroy Searle, and John Sowa,
eds. (1997) Conceptual Structures: Fulfilling Peirce's Dream, Lecture
Notes in AI 1257, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Peter W. Eklund, Gerard Ellis, and Graham Mann, eds. (1996) Conceptual
Structures: Knowledge Representation as Interlingua, Lecture Notes in AI
1115, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Gerard Ellis, Robert A. Levinson, William Rich, and John F. Sowa, eds.
(1995) Conceptual Structures: Applications, Implementation, and Theory,
Lecture Notes in AI 954, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
William M. Tepfenhart, Judith P. Dick, and John F. Sowa, eds. (1994) Conceptual
Structures: Current Practice, Lecture Notes in AI 835, Springer-Verlag,
Guy W. Mineau, Bernard Moulin, and John F. Sowa, eds. (1993) Conceptual
Graphs for Knowledge Representation, Lecture Notes in AI 699,
Publications Based on the CG Workshops
Heather D. Pfeiffer and Timothy E. Nagle, eds. (1993) Conceptual
Structures: Theory and Implementation, Lecture Notes in AI 754,
T. E. Nagle, J. A. Nagle, L. L. Gerholz, and P. W. Eklund, eds. (1992) Conceptual
Structures: Current Research and Practice, Ellis Horwood, New York.
Eileen C. Way, ed. (1992) Journal of Experimental and Theoretical
Artificial Intelligence (JETAI), Special Issue on Conceptual Graphs, vol.
4, no. 2.
John F. Sowa, ed. (1992) Knowledge-Based Systems, Special Issue on
Conceptual Graphs, vol. 5, no. 3, September 1992.
The following books and journal issues were not published as ICCS
proceedings, but they were written by people who actively participated in
ICCS conferences and CG workshops and presented related material at one or
more of the sessions. The 1984 book by John Sowa was the foundation for the
CG workshops, and the 1996 book by Ganter and Wille was the foundation for
formal concept analysis.
John F. Sowa (1984) Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in
Mind and Machine, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Eileen C. Way (1991) Knowledge Representation and Metaphor, Kluwer
Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
Jean-François Nogier (1991) Génération automatique de langage et
graphes conceptuels, Hermès, Paris.
John F. Sowa, ed. (1991) Principles of Semantic Networks: Explorations
in the Representation of Knowledge, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San
Fritz Lehmann, ed. (1992) Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence,
Pergamon Press, Oxford.
Hans Robert Hansen, Robert Mühlbacher, and Gustaf Neumann (1992) Begriffsbasierte
Integration von Systemanalysemethoden, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg.
Distributed by Springer-Verlag.
Anne-Marie Rassinoux (1994) Extraction et Représentation de la
Connaissance tirée de Textes Médicaux, Éditions Systèmes et Information,
Martin Schröder (1994) Erwartungsgestützte Analyse medizinischer
Befundungstexte: Ein wissensbasiertes Modell zur Sprachverarbeitung,
Infix-Verlag, Sankt Augustin.
Michel Chein, ed. (1996) Revue d'Intelligence artificielle, Special
Issue on Conceptual Graphs, vol. 10, no. 1.
Bernhard Ganter and Rudolf Wille (1996) Formale Begriffsanalyze:
Mathematische Grundlagen, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Translated as Formal
Concept Analysis: Mathematical Foundations, Springer-Verlag, 1999.
John F. Sowa (2000) Knowledge
Representation: Logical, Philosophical, and Computational Foundations,
Brooks Cole Publishing Co., Pacific Grove, CA.
Gerd Stumme, ed. (2000) Working with
Conceptual Structures: Contributions to ICCS'2000, Shaker-Verlag, Aachen.
Michel Chein and Marie-Laure Mugnier (2008) Graph-based Knowledge Representation: Computational Foundations of Conceptual Graphs, Springer, London.
Pascal Hitzler, Henrik Scharfe (2009) Conceptual Structures in Practice, Chapman & Hall/CRC Studies.
Also, John Esch has supplied the following time representation paper.